Have you ever wanted to grow your own vegetables and fruits despite living in an apartment? Either as a hobby, or maybe you wanted to be able to know exactly what you are eating, without any mystery additives. But it probably always seemed like an impossible wish. Good news, though, it is not. Many fruits and vegetables can be grown on your balcony or even windowsill. This time, we will focus on vegetables that are ideal for a balcony.
Before you start, there are several things you should pay attention to:
How much time you have for your garden
Not many people today have lots of free time. And what they do have, they usually will not spent on just one thing. So you should think in advance how much time you are ready to spare to grow the veggies. Depending on your climate and weather conditions, they might require more effort than you expected in the first place. And even without that, there are many things that will have to be done regularly and carefully – watering, fertilizing, pruning. The best thing to do is start small and see where it leads you and how much you like the experience. It is easy to plant more later.
Your climate conditions
This does not mean just the climate of the area you live in, it also means the particular climate of your balcony. For example, if you live on a high floor, wind will probably be much stronger than on the ground.
The amount of sun your balcony gets
There are four distinctions when it comes to the amount of sun that a place gets. Full sun gets six or more hours, partial sun gets three to six hours, partial shade gets 1.5 to four hours, and full shade gets less than three hours of sun per day.
It is very important to calculate the amount of sunshine that your balcony gets before starting to grow the vegetables, because it is one of the crucial factors that decides whether you will succeed. Good thing is that the information about necessary amount of sun for a plant is written on the seed packets you will probably buy to start growing your veggies.
After you found all the pre-information you needed, it is time to get some supplies:
Pots – You will need pots of different sizes depending on different vegetables you want to grow. You can also use wooden crates or something similar you already have at home.
Soil, seeds, organic fertilizer – All the obvious things.
Watering can, gloves, trowel – Again, quite obvious
Special clothes – Technically not necessary, but gardening is not very clean, and wearing clothes that you do not mind getting dirty and possibly ruined will spare you lots of worries.
And now, finally, the vegetables:
Tomato (and cherry tomato) – probably the best thing to start with, as it is the easiest one to grow
Pepper (and chili pepper)
Onion (and garlic)
Herbs and spices